Synonyms | Synonyme
In Paris, things do not exactly get off to a good start for Yoav. He knocks on the door of a flat, only to discover the place is empty and, while he is taking a bath there, his things are stolen. Yet this young Israeli had arrived with such great expectations. He is determined to get rid of his nationality as quickly as possible. For him, being Israeli is like a tumour that has to be surgically removed. Becoming French, on the other hand, would quite simply mean his salvation. In order to erase his origins, Yoav first tries to replace his language. From now on, he will not utter a single word of Hebrew. The dictionary becomes his constant companion. The necessary visits to the Israeli embassy annoy him; he finds his compatriots to be a total burden. But the naturalisation test also has its pitfalls. And the young French couple whom he befriends has some rather strange ideas about how to help him.
Based on his own experiences, Nadav Lapid explores the challenges of putting down roots in a new place. His attempt to find himself awakens past demons and opens up an existential abyss. A tragicomic puzzle that wisely knows how to keep its secrets.
by Nadav Lapid
with Tom Mercier, Quentin Dolmaire, Louise Chevillotte
France / Israel / Germany 2019 French,  Subtitles: English,  German 123’ Colour World premiere


  • Tom Mercier (Yoav)
  • Quentin Dolmaire (Emile)
  • Louise Chevillotte (Caroline)


DirectorNadav Lapid
ScreenplayNadav Lapid, Haïm Lapid
CinematographyShaï Goldman
EditingEra Lapid, François Gédigier, Neta Braun
Sound DesignSandy Notarianni, Christophe Vingtrinier
SoundMarina Kertesz
Production DesignPascale Consigny
CostumesKhadija Zeggaï
Make-upNoa Yehonatan
Assistant DirectorJustinien Schricke
CastingStéphane Batut, Orit Zulay
Production ManagerMarianne Germain
ProducersSaïd Ben Saïd, Michel Merkt
Co-producersOsnat Handelsman Keren, Talia Kleinhendler, Janine Jackowski, Jonas Dornbach, Maren Ade, Olivier Père, Rémi Burah
Co-productionPie Films, Tel Aviv
Komplizen Film, Berlin
Arte France Cinema, Issy-les-Moulineaux

Produced by

SBS Films

Paris, France

+33 1 45636660

World sales

SBS International

Paris, France

+33 1 45636660

Nadav Lapid

Born in Tel Aviv, Israel in 1975, this director and screenwriter studied philosophy at Tel Aviv University. After military service, he moved to Paris before returning to Israel to take a degree at the Sam Spiegel Film & Television School in Jerusalem. His short film Kvish (Road) screened in the 2005 Panorama. His debut feature film Policeman won the Special Jury Prize at Locarno in 2011 while The Kindergarten Teacher featured in the 2014 Semaine de la Critique at Cannes. In 2015, Lama? (Why?) screened in Berlinale Shorts. He is a recipient of the French Order Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres.


2003 Proyect gvul; short film 2005 Kvish (Road); short film 2006 Ha-chavera shell Emile (Emile’s Girlfriend); short film 2011 Policeman 2013 Footsteps in Jerusalem; documentary 2014 The Kindergarten Teacher · Love Letters to Cinema; short film · Lama?; short film 2016 The Diary of a Wedding Photographer; short film 2019 Synonymes (Synonyme)

Bio- & filmography as of Berlinale 2019


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