Tipografic majuscul

Uppercase Print
In 1981, chalk slogans written in uppercase letters started appearing in public spaces in the Romanian city of Botoşani. They demanded freedom, alluded to the democratic developments taking place in Romania’s socialist sister countries or simply called for improvements in the food supply. Mugur Călinescu was behind them, who was still at school at the time and whose case is documented in the files of the Romanian secret police. Theatre director Gianina Cărbunariu created a documentary play based on this material.
Besides showing a production of the play, Radu Jude also uses archive footage from Romanian TV from the era. This dialectical montage creates an image of a dictatorial surveillance state, drawing on the authorised popular entertainment of the Ceaușescu regime in the process in order to unmask it. Cooking shows alternate with interrogations, transcripts of wiretapped phone calls with recommendations to exercise instead of taking sedatives. This not only shows what amazing finds can be unearthed in archives, but also how such materials can be used today to talk about yesterday with thoughtfulness and insight while avoiding the pitfalls of re-enactment.
by Radu Jude
with Bogdan Zamfir, Şerban Lazarovici, Ioana Iacob, Şerban Pavlu
Romania 2020 Romanian 128’ Colour & Black/White


  • Bogdan Zamfir (Securitate Officer)
  • Şerban Lazarovici (Mugur Călinescu)
  • Ioana Iacob (The Mother)
  • Şerban Pavlu (The Father)


DirectorRadu Jude
ScreenplayRadu Jude, Gianina Cărbunariu
CinematographyMarius Panduru
EditingCătălin Cristuțiu
Sound DesignDana Bunescu
SoundJean Umansky
Production DesignIrina Moscu
CostumesDorin Negrău
Make-UpBianca Boeroiu
CastingLiliana Toma
Assistant DirectorCristina Iliescu
Production ManagerVlad Gilga
ProducerAda Solomon
Executive ProducerCarla Fotea
Co-ProductionRomanian Public Television, Bucharest
Hi Film Productions, Bucharest

Produced by


Radu Jude

Born in Bucharest, Romania in 1977, he has a degree in film from the city’s Media University. He began his career as an assistant director before making his first short, The Tube with the Hat, in 2006. His feature debut, The Happiest Girl in the World, screened in the 2009 Forum and garnered worldwide attention. He won the Silver Bear for Best Director at the 2015 Berlinale with Aferim! In 2017, Locarno screened his first documentary, The Dead Nation. His most recent films, Uppercase Print and The Exit of the Trains, both premiered in the 2020 Forum.


2006 Lampa cu caciula (The Tube with a Hat) 2007 In the Morning 2009 Cea mai fericită fată din lume (The Happiest Girl in the World) 2011 Film pentru prieteni (A Film for Friends) 2012 Toată lumea din familia noastra (Everybody in Our Family) 2015 Aferim! 2016 Inimi cicatrizate (Scarred Hearts – Vernarbte Herzen / Scarred Hearts) 2017 Țara moartă (Die tote Nation / The Dead Nation) 2018 Îmi este indiferent dacă în istorie vom intra ca barbari (Mir ist es egal, wenn wir als Barbaren in die Geschichte eingehen / I Do Not Care If We Go Down in History as Barbarians) 2020 Uppercase Print · Ieşirea trenurilor din gară (The Exit of the Trains) 2021 Babardeală cu bucluc sau porno balamuc (Bad Luck Banging or Loony Porn)

Bio- & filmography as of Berlinale 2021