In the decades after it was founded in 1944, the Centre Cinématographique Marocain (CCM) produced newsreels for screening in theatres before the main feature. Mohamed Afifi, Ahmed Bouanani, Abdelmajid R’chich and Mohamed Abderrahman Tazi were filmmakers working at the CCM after the country gained independence for whom film was an art form. Afifi was the oldest, while Bouanani, R’chich and Tazi knew each other from their student days at the IDHEC (Institut des hautes études cinématographiques) in Paris. Afifi was the first to dare to subvert a newsreel commission to create an auteurist meditation. Visually captivating, Men Lahm wa Salb (1959) films a day in the life of the Casablanca port, without dialogue or voiceover, with the images flowing to the rhythm of music, while Sitta wa Thaniat 'Ashar (1968) is a study of the Casablanca light between the hours 6 and 12. Al-'Awdah li Agadir (1967) films the reconstruction of Agadir after the earthquake that almost destroyed the entire city and is akin to a modernist constructivist moving image tableau. Bouanani’s first short Tarfaya Aw Masseerat Sha'er (1966) is adapted from a 15th century poem by a legendary Moroccan bard.
Ahmed BouananiAbdelmajid R’chichMohamed Abderrahman Tazi
Documentary form18 min · Black/White · 35 mm
Born in 1938 in Casablanca, Morocco. He studied Film at the Institut des hautes études cinématographiques (IDHEC) in Paris. In addition to directing his own films, Bouanani also worked as an editor and screenwriter for other Moroccan directors. He was also a writer and published several volumes of poetry. Ahmed Bouanani died in 2011 in Demnate, Morocco.Filmography (selection)
1966 Tarfaya Aw Masseerat Sha'er / Tarfaya ou La marche d’un poète; 20 min. 1968 Sitta wa Thaniat 'Ashar / Six et douze; 18 min. 1971 Thakirah Arba'at 'Ashar / Mémoire 14; 24 min. 1977 Al-Manabe' al-Arba'a / Les quatre sources; 35 min. 1980 Al-Sarab / Le Mirage (The Mirage); 100 min. 1981 Carte de visite; 30 min. 1982 Casablanca, bilan et perspectives; 50 min. · Sidi Kacem ou le rameau d’Olivier; 11 min. 1984 L’Enfant, la torture et l’ordinateur; 15 min. · Complexe sportif Mohammed V de Casablanca; 22 min. 1991 Raconte-moi Meknès; 16 min.
Born in 1942 in Kenitra, Morocco. He graduated from the Institut des hautes études cinématographiques (IDHEC) in Paris, and then joined the Université libre in Brussels, where he began studying Anthropology and Art History. In the years that followed, R'chich worked as a director of photography, producer, director and technical director. He made his first film, Sitta wa Thaniat 'Ashar, along with Mohamed Abderrahman Tazi and Ahmed Bouanani, in 1968. In 1987, R'chich founded the production company Puma Production.Filmography (selection)
1968 Sitta wa Thaniat 'Ashar; 18 min. 1970 Forêt; 17 min. 1971 Al-Boraq (Shining); 27 min. 1999 Histoire d'une rose; 85 min. 2005 Ailes brisées; 90 min.
Born in 1942 in Rabat, Morocco. He completed a degree in Cinematography from the Institut des hautes études cinématographiques (IDHEC) in Paris, and studied Audio-Visual Communication in the United States. In addition to working as a director, he also works as a screenwriter, producer, and cinematographer.Filmography
1968 Sitta wa Thaniat 'Ashar / Six et douze; 18 min. 1981 Ibn al-sabil / Le grand Voyage; 73 min. 1988 Badis; 92 min. 1993 Al-bakhz an zauj imraati / À la Recherche du mari de ma femme; 88 min. 1997 Lalla Hobby; 94 min. 2003 Jarat Abu Musa / Les Voisines d'Abou Moussa; 122 min. 2005 Les Tourments de Houssein 2011 Houssein et Safia 2013 AL Bayra / La vieille jeune fille; 87 min. 2015 Attarkiya / La Promotion
Centre Cinématographique Marocain (CCM)Rabat, Morocco