Over a period of four years, Camila Freitas documented the lives of a group of landless workers in the Brazilian state of Goiás. Since 2015, the workers have occupied a portion of a factory site and demanded land reform. Chão provides insights into the group’s everyday routine, which is divided up between tilling the land, political activism and talk of what a better future might look like. The film thus delves into the microstructures of local political action while also demonstrating just how dependent the Landless Workers Movement is on Brazilian politics, global capital and the agricultural industry. Occupying a space between frank realism and potent atmospherics that draw their power from poetic digressions, such as deliberately exaggerated moments on the soundtrack, impressionistic close-ups and cinematographic micro-narrations, Chão documents life in the resistance, where hope can sometimes seem like the only thing capable of countering the realities of the world. It was only recently that Jair Bolsonaro, the new president of Brazil, added the landless to the list of enemies of the nation and called on landowners to take up arms to defend their property.
by Camila Freitas Brazil 2019 Portuguese 112’ Colour Documentary form


Director Camila Freitas
Screenplay Camila Freitas, Marina Meliande
Cinematography Cris Lyra, Camila Freitas, Carol Matias
Editing Marina Meliande, Fred Benevides
Music Celio Barros, Michelle Agnes Magalhães
Sound Design Daniel De Franco, Matheus Miguens
Sound Camila Machado, Olívia Hernández, Martha Suzana, Apollo Campos
Producers Leonardo Feliciano, Camila Machado, Francisco Craesmeyer, Douglas Duarte

World sales

FiGa Films

Produced by


Camila Freitas

Born in Lauro de Freitas in the state of Bahia, Brazil in 1983. She studied Film and works as a cinematographer and filmmaker. Chão is her first feature-length film.


2003 Passarim (Birdie); 15 min. 2010 De asfalto e Terra Vermelha (Asphalt and Red Earth); 35 min., co-directed by Antoine d’Artemare 2014 Ararat; 14 min., co-directed by Juruna Mallon and Lucas Parente 2019 Chão (Landless)

Bio- & filmography as of Berlinale 2019